The National Development and Reform Commission answers the reporter's question on the "Interim Measures for the Management of Auto Parts Remanufacturing Regulations"
Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission and other eight departments jointly issued the "Interim Measures for the Management of Auto Parts Remanufacturing Regulations" (hereinafter referred to as the "Interim Measures"). The responsible comrades of the Environmental Resources Department of the National Development and Reform Commission accepted interviews and answered questions from reporters.
Q: What is the background of the "Interim Measures"?
Answer: The development of the remanufacturing industry and the promotion of the use of remanufactured products are an important way to promote resource conservation and recycling, reduce environmental pollution, and help achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality. According to calculations by research institutes, compared to manufacturing new products, remanufactured products can not only reduce costs by 50%, but also save energy by 60%, save materials by 70%, produce almost no solid waste, and reduce air pollutant emissions by more than 80%. Remanufacturing of auto parts is an important part of the remanufacturing industry. my country's automobile production and sales have ranked first in the world for many years, and the continuous increase in automobile ownership has promoted the rapid expansion of the auto parts industry and the auto after-sales market. According to the calculation of the industry association, the scale of the national automotive after-sales market will reach 1.6 trillion yuan in 2020, of which the after-sales maintenance market will be about 677 billion yuan. From the perspective of international development laws, remanufactured parts and components occupy an important position in the after-sales maintenance market. Remanufactured products in Europe and the United States account for more than 70% of the automotive after-sales market. my country's auto parts remanufacturing industry has huge room for development.
In order to standardize the remanufacturing behavior and market order of auto parts, ensure the quality of remanufactured products, and promote the high-quality development of the auto parts remanufacturing industry, the National Development and Reform Commission and relevant departments are conducting in-depth investigations and studies, extensively listening to industry and expert opinions, and summarizing the automotive industry. The "Interim Measures" was formulated on the basis of the experience of the pilot parts remanufacturing. The issuance and implementation of the "Interim Measures" will further standardize the development of the auto parts remanufacturing industry, extend the auto parts industry chain, and promote the upgrading of the automotive after-sales market.
Q: Please introduce the main content of the "Interim Measures"?
Answer: The "Interim Measures" contains a total of eight chapters and 36 articles, which clearly stipulate the standard conditions for remanufacturing enterprises, the management of old parts recycling, the management of remanufacturing production, the management of remanufactured products, the management of remanufacturing markets, and the supervision and management. . The "Interim Measures" highlights the following aspects:
One is to require remanufactured products to be strictly aligned with new prototypes. The Interim Measures clarify that remanufacturing enterprises are the main body responsible for the quality of remanufactured products, and set normative requirements for remanufacturing enterprises' internal quality management, product design, production technology, quality inspection level, technical equipment, and environmental protection equipment. It is clearly stipulated that the performance and quality of remanufactured products shall not be lower than that of new prototypes, and shall implement the same standards as new products in terms of factory inspection and testing, compulsory certification, and quality assurance standards. When selling remanufactured products, relevant companies are required to inform consumers that they are remanufactured products, provide remanufactured product marks and instructions, make public commitments to the society, and provide certificates of conformity and after-sales quality assurance.
The second is to regulate the production behavior of remanufacturing enterprises. The "Interim Measures" regulates the main links of the production behavior of remanufacturing enterprises, including old parts inspection and identification capabilities, dismantling, cleaning, manufacturing, assembly, product quality testing and other aspects of technical equipment and production capabilities, and related waste disposal environmental protection requirements, etc. To ensure the quality of remanufactured products.
The third is to propose measures to encourage the application of remanufactured products. While regulating the circulation of remanufactured products, the "Interim Measures" encourage the deep integration of insurance and remanufacturing industries, and encourage end-of-life motor vehicle recycling and dismantling companies, insurance companies, and auto repair companies to preferentially cooperate with certified remanufacturing companies and adopt them. Remanufactured products. Encourage government agencies, troops and other public institutions to give priority to using remanufactured products.
Q: What conditions should auto parts remanufacturing enterprises meet?
Answer: The "Interim Measures" stipulates that remanufacturing enterprises should meet the following conditions: First, they must have technical equipment and capabilities in dismantling, cleaning, manufacturing, assembly, product quality testing, etc.; second, they must have the performance indicators for testing and appraising old parts The third is to have the corresponding pollution prevention and control facilities and capabilities, and to meet the environmental protection requirements of relevant waste treatment, so that the pollutants can meet the discharge standards; the fourth is to establish and implement the relevant technical quality standards and production specifications for product remanufacturing ; The fifth is to make public commitments to the society, including product quality performance, after-sales warranty, and the use of labels; sixth, the types of products to be remanufactured should meet the requirements of relevant national laws and regulations; the seventh is to comply with national laws and regulations and relevant authorities Other conditions.
In addition, the state encourages existing remanufacturing companies to upgrade their quality, to agglomerate for development, and to upgrade their industrialization and standardization levels. Encourage remanufacturing enterprises to carry out remanufacturing quality management system certification. Remanufacturing enterprises should actively adopt international advanced quality management standards to improve their management level.
Q: Please tell us how to implement the "Interim Measures" in the next step?
Answer: Auto parts remanufacturing involves many links and subjects, and it is still in the early stage of industrial development. There is still a process for the standardized development of the industry, and at the same time the transformation of public consumption awareness also requires a process. Our committee will work with relevant departments to continuously implement the "Interim Measures" in the following aspects:
One is to focus on the development priorities of the remanufacturing industry and strengthen investment guidance. Scientifically guide local and corporate investment to prevent excessive and low-level repetitive and disorderly construction in the industry. Strengthen supervision during and after the event, and regulate the investment behavior of market entities.
The second is to increase the promotion and application of remanufactured products and enrich the supply of accessories. Improve public awareness of remanufactured products through policy promotion and industry training. Encourage the government to give priority to purchasing remanufactured products to give full play to consumption demonstration and leading role. Guide remanufacturing enterprises to standardize production and operation, ensure the quality of remanufactured products, improve after-sales service level, integrate into a diversified accessory circulation supply system, and meet the different needs of consumers.
The third is to strengthen the company's main innovation position and support the research and development of remanufacturing technology. Encourage remanufacturing enterprises, research and design units to accelerate the development and application of key remanufacturing technologies, and solve common and key technical problems in remanufacturing. In-depth advancement of auto parts remanufacturing technology and equipment R&D and industrialization, focusing on the development of high value-added parts remanufacturing technology and technology, and promoting capacity building such as the recycling of old parts and components and the quality control of remanufactured products. Provide support for remanufacturing technology research and development, demonstration and promotion projects. (Source: National Development and Reform Commission)